Tema: Escritores latinoamericanos
Título: Andean Literature ofResistance; Indigenous Testimonies in the Struggle against Modernity and Globalization
Nombre: Arturo Zepeda
Institución: California State University, Los Angeles
Indigenous communities throughout the Andeanregion have continued tostruggle since the formation of the state against modernity, globalization, and the privatization of continuous neoliberal policies. Major long term factors suffered by Indigenous people have been land displacement, labor exploitation, and the cultural assimilation of dominant Spanish speaking societies. Indigenousoralhistoryhasbeen in many ways a formofliterature ofresistance to counter the progress ofsocial inequalities by the state. Furthermore, it gave Indigenous communitiesa voice of hope that social change is possible. Testimonies continue to be a powerful tool to bring solidarity by educating and informing the international community on social injustices. By analyzing the testimonies of Oscar Olivera, Domitila De Chungara, Sofia Velasquez, Juan Rojas, and others; this
essay attempts to understand how modernity has impacted the lives of Indigenous people in the Andes. Furthermore, I attempt tounderstand through testimonies how globalization impacts Andean cultures and languages through the process of assimilating Indigenous people to the dominant culture of mestizaje. In addition, howhas privatization continued to displace Indigenous communities at the cost ofprotectingforeign corporation interest? Indigenous testimonies have a major role ineducating the world on the importance of culture and protecting mother earth. They have become a platformto the international audience in bringing awareness to the environmental abuse of corporations that have devastated the valuable natural resources of the Andes. Most importantlythey serve a purpose of providing knowledge of community, family, dignity, and respect.